Why create a separate cache for .ts files?

Pardon my ignorance of web technology. My questions pertain to the example nginx cache server in the documentation (copied below).

  1. Why does it use a separate cache for .ts files?
  2. What is the reason for setting an expiration time on any of the cached files? Why not keep everything as long as space permits?
proxy_cache_path /var/cache/s3 levels=1:2 keys_zone=CACHE-S3:100m inactive=48h max_size=10G;
proxy_cache_path /var/cache/s3-ts levels=1:2 keys_zone=CACHE-S3-TS:10m inactive=60s max_size=1G;

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name peertube.tld;
  root /var/www/html;
  location / { return 301 https://$host$request_uri; }
}

server {
  listen 443 ssl;
  http2 on;
  server_name peertube.tld;

  access_log /var/log/nginx/medias.access.log; # reduce I/0 with buffer=10m flush=5m
  error_log  /var/log/nginx/medias.error.log;

  ssl_protocols TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
  ssl_ciphers HIGH:!MEDIUM:!LOW:!aNULL:!NULL:!SHA;
  ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
  ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
  ssl_session_tickets off;

  ssl_certificate     /etc/letsencrypt/live/peertube.tld/fullchain.pem;
  ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/peertube.tld/privkey.pem;

  root /var/www/html;

  keepalive_timeout 30;

  location = / {
    index index.html;
  }

  location / {
    try_files $uri @s3;
  }

  location ~ \.ts$ {
    try_files $uri @s3-ts;
  }

  location ~ \.(json|m3u8)$ {
    try_files $uri @s3_nocache;
  }

  set $s3_backend 'https://my-bucket.s3.bhs.perf.cloud.ovh.net';

  location @s3 {
    limit_except GET OPTIONS {
        deny all;
    }

    resolver 1.1.1.1 8.8.8.8 208.67.222.222 208.67.220.220;
    proxy_set_header Host my-bucket.s3.bhs.perf.cloud.ovh.net;
    proxy_set_header Connection '';
    proxy_set_header Authorization '';
    proxy_set_header Range $slice_range;
    proxy_hide_header Set-Cookie;
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin';
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods';
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers';
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-id-2;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-request-id;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-meta-server-side-encryption;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-server-side-encryption;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-bucket-region;
    proxy_hide_header x-amzn-requestid;
    proxy_ignore_headers Set-Cookie;
    proxy_pass $s3_backend$uri;
    proxy_intercept_errors off;

    proxy_cache CACHE-S3;
    proxy_cache_valid 200 206 48h;
    proxy_cache_use_stale error timeout updating http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504;
    slice              1m;
    proxy_cache_key    $host$uri$is_args$args$slice_range;
    proxy_http_version 1.1;

    expires 1y;
    add_header Cache-Control public;
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' '*';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET, OPTIONS';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'Range,DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type';
    add_header X-Cache-Status $upstream_cache_status;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'none'; form-action 'none'";
  }

  location @s3-ts {
    limit_except GET OPTIONS {
        deny all;
    }

    resolver 1.1.1.1 8.8.8.8 208.67.222.222 208.67.220.220;
    proxy_set_header Host my-bucket.s3.bhs.perf.cloud.ovh.net;
    proxy_set_header Connection '';
    proxy_set_header Authorization '';
    proxy_set_header Range $slice_range;
    proxy_hide_header Set-Cookie;
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin';
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods';
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers';
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-id-2;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-request-id;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-meta-server-side-encryption;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-server-side-encryption;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-bucket-region;
    proxy_hide_header x-amzn-requestid;
    proxy_ignore_headers Set-Cookie;
    proxy_pass $s3_backend$uri;
    proxy_intercept_errors off;

    proxy_cache CACHE-S3-TS;
    proxy_cache_valid 200 206 2m;
    proxy_cache_use_stale error timeout updating http_500 http_502 http_503 http_504;
    slice              1m;
    proxy_cache_key    $host$uri$is_args$args$slice_range;
    proxy_http_version 1.1;

    expires 1y;
    add_header Cache-Control public;
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' '*';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET, OPTIONS';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'Range,DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type';
    add_header X-Cache-Status $upstream_cache_status;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'none'; form-action 'none'";
  }

  location @s3_nocache {
    limit_except GET OPTIONS {
        deny all;
    }

    resolver 1.1.1.1 8.8.8.8 208.67.222.222 208.67.220.220;
    proxy_set_header Host my-bucket.s3.bhs.perf.cloud.ovh.net;
    proxy_set_header Connection '';
    proxy_set_header Authorization '';
    proxy_set_header Range $http_range;
    proxy_hide_header Set-Cookie;
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin';
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods';
    proxy_hide_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers';
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-id-2;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-request-id;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-meta-server-side-encryption;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-server-side-encryption;
    proxy_hide_header x-amz-bucket-region;
    proxy_hide_header x-amzn-requestid;
    proxy_ignore_headers Set-Cookie;
    proxy_pass $s3_backend$uri;
    proxy_intercept_errors off;

    expires 0;
    proxy_cache off;

    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' '*';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET, OPTIONS';
    add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'Range,DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type';
    add_header X-Cache-Status $upstream_cache_status;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'none'; form-action 'none'";
  }
}

Edit: I thought the HLS video segments were in .ts files but apparently they’re .mp4 files?

Edit2: Question 3: what are these .ts files?

Hi,

Why does it use a separate cache for .ts files?

I added comments in Add comments to remote storage cache (b0934eb7) · Commits · Framasoft / PeerTube / documentation · GitLab

Do they answer your questions?

What is the reason for setting an expiration time on any of the cached files? Why not keep everything as long as space permits?

Maybe to prevent delete videos to still be cached?

Lives use .ts files whereas VOD videos use fragmented .mp4 files

2 Likes

Thank you for the reply. Those comments are helpful. A couple follow up questions:

Deleted videos disappear immediately from all channel pages but remain available at their URLs (e.g. https://example.tube/w/${id}) for as long as they remain cached. Is that correct?

If my instance plans never to enable live streaming, would it be safe to remove the location ~ \.(json|m3u8)$ block?

No, the watch page leads to a 404. But it doesn’t prevent users with the direct link to the mp4 to still watch the video which can be problematic.

Yes I think it’s safe!

1 Like

In your opinion would it be feasible or wise to write a script or plugin that culls deleted videos from the cache? I’m imagining a cron job that queries the database to validate each cache entry.

Edit: On second thought that method would cause a cache miss because nginx wouldn’t know it’s gone.